As I want to highlight the effect that deforestation is having on wildlife and the natural world I decided that after another tutorial with Graham I would include a select amount of animals that are directly affected by deforestation into my pattern. Deciding together that I should show an insect, a bird, and a a mammal, to further represent how much it actually effects. So I did some research into what animals where the woodland is vital to their survival, as well as those that are becoming endangered.

I began by looking at the endangered species list for endangered birds: http://www.earthsendangered.com/search-groups2_sB.html

As this is a global issue, and I believe it should be addressed globally and not narrowed down to specific locations or forests, I wanted to make the range of animals quite broad so that they may be found in many different places.

I came across the Cerulean Warbler, which can be found in many countries these being the Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Panama, Peru, United States, Venezuela, areas of which have lots of dense woodland, but that is also ever increasing their deforesting for building materials, farming and paper. I found this page perfectly highlighting the problems these small birds are facing http://www.defenders.org/cerulean-warbler/basic-facts
Its clear that deforestation plays a big part in their population reductions as not only do they rely on these forests to create their nests and lay eggs, but also their food supply being disturbed  and their nests becoming exposed to other birds resulting in the death of their chicks.

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Though I didn’t just want to focus on endangered animals, I wanted animals that rely on the woodland to survive but that also aren’t necessarily in any immediate threat as of yet. So when researching for a suitable woodland insect I wanted something that perhaps we’re more fond of than your average beetle, but something that we could see a decline in numbers if we allowed their habitats here in England to be destroyed, thankfully much woodland in England is protected and this may be why this particular butterfly, the speckled wood butterfly is surviving, so it has allowed me to bring in a recognisable insect, that both represents the positives of woodland protection but also highlighting that this butterfly could just as easily never be seen again if we allowed it to fall victim to deforestation.  http://butterfly-conservation.org/679-746/speckled-wood.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/409.shtml

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The wood-mouse is also an animal that appears across a range of countries, they require woodland areas to survive due to how they live and what they eat. They require almost everything about the forest, to nest they either go below ground, or create nests from moss and leaves in holes in trees. They feed on fruits, seeds, insects, fungi etc. all found within woodlands. Though these are quite a common animal at the moment, they are very much in danger of that changing in the near future if deforestation continues, the woodlands seem almost vital for their survival, I believe in the foreseeable future we could see a drop in their numbers if the rate of deforestations continues, or expands, and this could have a serious knock on effect to animals higher up in the food chain such as owls. http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/264.shtml

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